Succulent Care Guide
What Are Succulents?
Succulents are a diverse group of plants known for their thick, fleshy leaves and stems. These plants have evolved to store water in arid climates, allowing them to survive long periods of drought.
While many people associate succulents with desert regions, they can be found in various habitats around the world, from the rainforests of Central America to the highlands of Africa.
Aside from their aesthetic appeal, succulents have a reputation for being hardy and easy to care for, making them perfect for both novice and experienced gardeners. Some also believe that having succulents can help purify the air and increase humidity in indoor spaces.
Succulent Care Guide
- Succulents love sunlight. Provide them with 6 hours of direct sunlight a day, ideally. If inside, place them near a south or west-facing window.
- If your succulents start to stretch or become leggy, it's a sign they need more light.
- Overwatering is a common mistake. Allow the soil to dry out completely between watering.
- When watering, ensure a thorough soak, and allow excess water to drain away. Avoid letting your succulent sit in water.
- Use a well-draining potting mix, preferably made for cacti and succulents.
- Consider adding sand or perlite to the mix for even better drainage.
- Always use pots with drainage holes to prevent water accumulation.
- If using a decorative pot without holes, simply place the succulent (in its draining pot) inside the decorative one.
- Most succulents prefer temperatures between 15-27°C during the day and slightly cooler at night.
- Protect them from extreme temperatures and frost.
- Fertilize sparingly, using a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer diluted to half strength, during the growing season (usually spring and summer).
- Gently remove dead or shriveled leaves to encourage new growth and prevent pests.
- If your succulent becomes too tall or stretched out, consider "beheading" it and replanting the top.
- Succulents can often be propagated from leaves, cuttings, or offsets. Simply lay a healthy leaf on soil, and in time, it may grow roots and a new plantlet.
- For cuttings, allow the cut end to callus over for a few days before planting in soil.
- Keep an eye out for common pests like mealybugs, aphids, and spider mites. Treat with insecticidal soap or neem oil if necessary.